Asbestosis is a respiratory problem caused by inhaling asbestos fibers for a long time, characterized by short inhalation caused by the formation of scar tissue and damage to the lung tissue, and decreased lung function.
Asbestosis is caused by asbestos dust along with its latency period of 10-20 years. If inhaled, asbestos fibers settle in the inside of the lungs, affecting the parenchyma of tissue originating from the lungs, becoming scar tissue. Inhalation of asbestos can also cause thickening of the pleura. This occurs after long-term, heavy exposure to asbestos, when in mining.
Asbestos consists of mineral silicate fibers with different chemical compositions. Asbestos is a mineral that can be woven like wool and is a natural mineral product known by definition of asbestosis which is resistant to heat and corrosion, does not continue to electric current, is resistant to strong acids, and is a strong and flexible fiber, is easily woven together and is widely used in buildings and factories. – industrial factory. There are several types of asbestosis dust crystals, the most widely used is the asbestos group of chrysotile because the fiber is long and the strongest.
Although asbestos is no longer used as an insulator, this substance is still in the spotlight because of the danger that comes from buildings that are insulated using asbestos.
Asbestos exposure is divided into three categories, namely primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary exposure is immediately carried out on the mining of asbestos. Secondary exposure was found in industrial workers using asbestos such as construction workers. Meanwhile, tertiary exposure is non-occupational exposure caused by air pollution.
Tertiary exposure does not have an important risk of developing asbestosis. In a study in the United States, asbestosis was detected in 10% of asbestos miners who worked for 10-19 years and in 90% of workers who had worked for more than 40 years. Since 1940 in America it has been found that 8-11 million people are exposed to asbestos in their work.
The death rate with the definition of asbestosis after 1970 tended to increase and in developed countries decreased after 2000. Jobs that pose a risk of further asbestos exposure in others: asbestos blockers, asbestos workers involved in mining and asbestos raw material systems, auto mechanics, boiling workers, electronics expert, factory worker, mechanic or engineer, merchant fleet, military personnel, refinery worker, painter, plumber, plumber/pipe worker, construction worker, highway builder, house roof worker, sheet metal worker, shipyard worker, steam plumbers, steelworkers, workers in the textile industry. Currently, the CDC estimates that there are 1,290 deaths from asbestosis in the United States each year along with an average age of sufferers of approximately 79 years.